Monday, November 30, 2015

Alsoberry Kaumualiʻi Hanchett

Alsoberry Kaumualiʻi Hanchett “(T)o extend the influence of Harvard University in Hawaiʻi and to foster closer relations between the Harvard men in Hawaiʻi … that one boy be helped each year by a loan … AK Hanchett, a graduate of the Kamehameha Schools, now a senior in Oʻahu College, was chosen as the first recipient.” Born in Lihuʻe, Kauai, November 16, 1885, Alsoberry Kaumualiʻi Hanchett was the son of Salem Panole Hanchett and Julia Malaea (Palaile) Hanchett. He received an AB degree at Harvard University in 1911, and, continuing his studies in the medical college of the same institution, earned his MD degree in 1914 (the first person of Hawaiian ancestry to graduate from Harvard Medical College.)

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Sunday, November 29, 2015

“Oh, father, dear father, do take me back!”

“Oh, father, dear father, do take me back!” In 1840, as the ship carrying the missionaries’ offspring pulled away from the dock, a distraught seven-year-old, Caroline Armstrong, looking at her father on the shore, the distance between them widening every moment … “Oh, father, dear father, do take me back!” Missionaries were torn between preaching the gospel and teaching their own kids. From 1826, until Punahou School opened in 1842, young missionary parents weighed the possibility of sending their children back to New England. The trauma mostly affected families of the first two companies, and involved 19 out of 250 Mission children. “This was the darkest day in the life history of the mission child.”

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Saturday, November 28, 2015

The Pali

The Pali In the early nineteenth century there were three routes from Honolulu to Windward Oʻahu: around the island by canoe; through Kalihi Valley and over the pali by ropes and ladders; and over Nuʻuanu Pali, the easiest, quickest and most direct route. The first foreigner to descend the Pali and record his trip was Hiram Bingham in 1821. In 1845 the first road was built over the Nuʻuanu Pali to connect Windward Oʻahu with Honolulu. In 1897, Johnny Wilson and Louis Whitehouse constructed a ‘carriage road’ over the Pali. When the current Pali Highway and its tunnels opened (1959,) the original roadway up and over the Pali was closed and is now used by hikers.

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Friday, November 27, 2015

Hāmākua Ditch

Hāmākua Ditch As a result of the 1902 Arthur S Tuttle report commissioned by the Bishop Museum to study the feasibility of bringing water to the Hāmākua area, two major ditches were proposed - the Upper Ditch and the Lower Ditch. The owner, Hawaii Irrigation Company, was originally known as the Hāmākua Ditch Company, Ltd. The Upper Hāmākua Ditch was completed in January of 1907, the Lower Ditch in 1910. Due to various disputes , by February of 1915, Hawaiian Irrigation Co. was taken over by new management (essentially that of Honokaa Sugar Co.)

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Thursday, November 26, 2015

Happy Thanksgiving!

Happy Thanksgiving! No one knows when the first western Thanksgiving feast was held in Hawaiʻi, but from all apparent possibilities, the first recorded one took place in Honolulu and was held among the families of the American missionaries from New England. According to the reported entry in Lowell Smith’s journal on December 6, 1838: "This day has been observed by us missionaries and people of Honolulu as a day of Thanksgiving and praise to Almighty God. Something new for this nation.”

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Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Vladimir Ossipoff

Vladimir Ossipoff “An architect has to be a bit of a sociologist, lawyer and psychologist. He has to know human nature.” (Ossipoff) Vladimir Ossipoff was a prominent architect in the Islands, working between the 1930s and 1990s. He is best known for his contribution to the development of the Hawaiian Modern movement. This style is characterized by the work of architects who “subscribed to the general modernity of the International Style while attempting to integrate the cultural and topographical character of the (Hawaiian) region.” Ossipoff was born in Russia on November 25, 1907; he died October 1, 1998 in Honolulu.

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Tuesday, November 24, 2015


Kahoʻolawe Kaho‘olawe is the smallest of the eight Main Hawaiian Islands, 11-miles long and 7-miles wide (approximately 28,800-acres,) rising to a height of 1,477-feet. It is seven miles southwest of Maui. Human habitation began as early as 1000 AD; it is known as a navigational and religious center, as well as the site of an adze quarry. Subsistence farmers and fishers formerly populated Kaho‘olawe. Interestingly, the entire island of Kaho‘olawe is part of an ahupua‘a from the Maui district of Honua‘ula. The island is divided into ʻili (smaller land units within ahupua‘a.) Located in the “rain shadow” of Maui’s Haleakala, a “cloud bridge” connected the island to the slopes of Haleakalā. It served as a penal colony, ranch and military bombing site.

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Monday, November 23, 2015

‘Maitai - maitai no!’

‘Maitai - maitai no!’ US President John Quincy Adams and King Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli) exchanged messages in 1829. The president “has heard, with interest and admiration, of the rapid progress which has been made by your people, in acquiring a knowledge of letters and of the True Religion-the Religion of the Christian’s Bible.” Kauikeaouli (King Kamehameha III) noted, “Best affection to you, the chief magistrate of America. … I now believe that your thoughts and ours are alike … Look ye on us with charity; we have formerly been extremely dark-minded, and ignorant of the usages of enlightened countries. You are the source of intelligence and light. This is the origin of our minds being a little enlightened - the arrival here of the word of God.”

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Sunday, November 22, 2015

Puerto Ricans

Puerto Ricans The brief Spanish-American War ended with the Treaty of Paris (December 10, 1898) that resulted in Spain relinquishing its holdings in the Caribbean, including Puerto Rico. The island was governed by a US military; then it became an “organized but unincorporated” territory of the US. On August 7 and 8, 1899, the San Ciriaco hurricane swept through Puerto Rico: at the same time, the booming Hawaiʻi sugar industry was looking for more workers. Puerto Ricans looked for alternatives and were drawn to another US territory, Hawaiʻi, and its sugar plantations. Eventually 5,100 settled on plantations in the Islands.

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Saturday, November 21, 2015

Ka Laʻi Loa Ia Kamaluohua

Ka Laʻi Loa Ia Kamaluohua Kauai, its government and chiefs, had been living apart, or not mingled much with the chiefs or events on the other islands. … After waging conflict across the islands, there was peace called Ka Laʻi Loa Ia Kamaluohua, the long peace of Kamaluohua. So KaIaunuiohua returned home to Hawai‘i, Huaipouleilei to O‘ahu, Kahakuohua to Molokai, Kamaluohua to Maui; and they lived peacefully in their own homes.

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Friday, November 20, 2015

Kainalu Plane Crash

Kainalu Plane Crash 2nd Lt William Wright and Kainalu Elementary School student Steven Schmitz were killed at 8:30 pm, November 20, 1961, when a "Skyhawk" attack bomber crashed in Kailua. Two marine jet bombers collided over a residential area and one of them crashed into a home, killing the pilot and the 8 year old boy (son of Coast Guard Commander Frank C Schmitz.)

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Thursday, November 19, 2015

Sewing Circles

Sewing Circles The use of stitchery in Hawai‘i is documented as early as 1809. After contact, Western and Chinese cloth and silk became available as trade with the islands opened up. When missionaries from New England arrived in 1820, the missionary women brought with them their quilts (mostly as keepsakes.) Missionary women helped Hawaiian women to learn to sew in the European style, typically patchwork style. It is theorized that Hawaiian women gradually began incorporating elements of kapa design into patchwork quilts, and soon discarded the patchwork approach altogether in favor of the appliqué quilt. The appliqué fabric is folded in half, or three times and all 8 layers are cut out at the same time, then opened out, like a "snowflake". The image shows my mother with quilts she made for her grandchildren in the patchwork tradition her great-great grandmother (Sybil Bingham) and the other missionary wives used in 1820 when teaching sewing aboard the Thaddeus and later.

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Wednesday, November 18, 2015


Teeth Dental care in pre-contact was simple; for cleaning, Hawaiians rubbed wood ash or charcoal on and between the teeth and then rinsed their mouths. Toothache and periodontal disease were treated with the root of the pua kala (poppy,) bitten into and held between the teeth. Teeth were extracted by pulling them out with an olona cord. Western dentistry apparently started in the Islands with the coming of the missionaries (Hiram Bingham extracted his wife’s (Sybil) ‘badly decayed tooth.’) Hawai‘i’s first professional dentist of record was Dr MB Steven (1847;) shortly thereafter Hawai‘i’s first permanent dentist John Mott Smith.

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Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Pualani ‘Flower of the Sky’

Pualani ‘Flower of the Sky’ Hawaiʻi’s first interisland passenger service was launched on November 11, 1929 when Inter-Island Airways flew from Honolulu to Hilo. In 1941, the company’s name changed to Hawaiian Airlines. Hawaiian hired its first ‘hostesses’ in 1943. In 1973, Hawaiian Air introduced new colors and a ‘Pualani’ (flower of the sky) logo, with the profile of a woman against a red hibiscus, the state flower (Leinaʻala Ann Teruya Drummond, a former Miss Hawaii (1964,) was the model.)

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Monday, November 16, 2015

Fueling the Forces

Fueling the Forces To fuel the forces, the military had three major fuel storage sites located in the mauka lands of Oʻahu: Red Hill Underground Fuel Storage Facility, Waikakalaua Fuel Storage Annex and Kipapa Gulch Fuel Storage Annex (other storage areas supplemented the effort.) Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor all of the Navy’s fuel was stored in unprotected above ground tanks at Pearl Harbor, next to the submarine base. The other Air Force fuel storage facility was the Kipapa Gulch Fuel Storage Annex that consisted on four massive underground tanks.

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Sunday, November 15, 2015

Archibald Scott Cleghorn

Archibald Scott Cleghorn In 1840, the Cleghorns immigrated to New Zealand, and then moved to the Islands. Archibald took over his father's business and turned it into one of the most successful mercantile chains in the islands. He first married Elizabeth Pauahi Lapeka; they had three daughters. On September 22, 1870, Archibald married Princess Likelike (sister of a Kalākaua and Liliʻuokalani,) ʻĀinahau, their Waikiki home was said to have been the most beautiful private estate in the Hawaiian Islands. The Cleghorns had one child Kaʻiulani - “the only member of the Royal Family having issue.” Cleghorn served in the House of Nobles and the Privy Council. He succeeded John Owen Dominis upon his death in November 1891, until February 28, 1893 as Royal Governor of Oahu.

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Saturday, November 14, 2015

Hawaiian … Banned?

Hawaiian … Banned? The short answer is no … history and the law are clear; there never was any law that banned the Hawaiian language or that made speaking Hawaiian illegal. However, many families, as a personal family decision, reportedly did not let their children speak Hawaiian. Likewise, for a period of time, Hawaiian was not the language for instruction in schools (however, schools could ask the DOE to include Hawaiian (or foreign languages) in their instruction.) Evidence of ongoing Hawaiian language is noted by Bishop Museum, “Dozens of newspapers were published in Hawaiian between 1834 and 1949 and were read by an avid and highly literate public.” Missionaries are often blamed for discouraging use of the Hawaiian language (some even suggest they were the ones that banned its use.) That, too, is simply not correct. (Actually, the missionary efforts to establish a consistent alphabet helped save the Hawaiian language, not eliminate it.)

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Friday, November 13, 2015

‘Mama, Mama, my dear old Mama!’

‘Mama, Mama, my dear old Mama!’ Joseph Fielding Smith, born November 13, 1838, was the first child of Hyrum and Mary Fielding Smith. In 1852, Joseph was an orphan at age thirteen. On April 24, 1854, Joseph was ordained an elder of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He was sent on his mission to Hawaiʻi. Joseph became desperately ill. He was nursed back to health by Ma Manuhii. Many years later when, as President of the Church, Joseph F Smith returned to Hawaiʻi. “In the midst of all the celebrating, a poor blind woman was led to the prophet. She was calling, ‘Iosepa, Iosepa.’” “Instantly, he ran to her and clasped her in his arms, hugging and kissing her - saying, “Mama, Mama, my dear old mama.”

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Thursday, November 12, 2015


Kaukahoku In 1848, John George Lewis acquired 8.92-acres of land in the ili of Kaukahoku (the stars have arisen,) of open land and tropical forest about 2-miles from the city of Honolulu. (Kamehameha the Great marched through here during what would become the Battle of the Nuʻuanu in April 1795 (the last major battle before the unification of the Hawaiian Islands.)) This land was originally designated as Fort Land, probably as agricultural land. Tradition claims that Lewis built the house at Kaukahoku in 1847, modeled in the Greek Revival style. Around 1850, Lewis sold the land to John Young II (Keoni Ana.) Young gave the name Hānaiakamālama to the house. Young willed the property to his niece, Queen Emma. Queen Emma used the home as a summer house until her death in 1885.

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Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Veterans Day

Veterans Day World War I – known at the time as “The Great War” - fighting ceased when an armistice, or temporary cessation of hostilities, between the Allied nations and Germany, went into effect on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. For that reason, November 11, 1918, is generally regarded as the end of “the war to end all wars.” Veterans Day continues to be observed on November 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls. Today, Veterans Day, is a celebration to honor America's veterans for their patriotism, love of country, and willingness to serve and sacrifice for the common good. To all who served, Thank You.

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Tuesday, November 10, 2015


Poni The native ceremony of the Poni, or an anointment, had in former times been practiced by the chiefs; but it was deemed desirable that the more modern Christian rite should be celebrated. In 1891 her brother, King Kalākaua, died and Liliʻuokalani succeeded to the throne. The name Poni means Coronation. Liliʻuokalani named her pet Poni. Her poi dog was her companion and was trained only in Hawaiian. The dog was the queen's constant, companion to her death.

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Monday, November 9, 2015

Louis Henri Jean Charlot

Louis Henri Jean Charlot Born in Paris, Louis Henri Jean Charlot was descended from "sundry exotic ancestors." Jean Charlot was primarily a muralist and was also a prolific writer, producing numerous scholarly books and articles along with poetry and drama. He also illustrated over 50 books. Among the honors bestowed on Charlot was the election by the Royal Society of Art, London, as a Benjamin Franklin Fellow in 1972. In 1976, the Hawai‘i State Legislature presented Charlot with the Order of Distinction for Cultural Leadership; he was a ‘Living Treasure’ by Honpa Hongwanji Mission.

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Sunday, November 8, 2015


Naupaka Naupaka kahakai (naupaka by the sea) is one of the most widely used of all native plants. Naupaka kuahiwi (in the mountains) is a mid to high elevation plant for the landscape. People often plant coastal naupaka kahakai on the makai side of the house and naupaka kuahiwi on the mauka side. There are different versions of the naupaka legend, but all carry the same unhappy theme: lovers that are separated forever, one banished to the mountains, the other to the beach. Today you may notice the Naupaka flowers bloom in halves. It is said that when the flower from Naupaka Kuahiwi joins the Naupaka Kahakai both Hawaiian lovers are together once again.

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Saturday, November 7, 2015


Kaluaikonahale He was born about 1789, the son of Keʻeaumoku and his wife Nāmāhana. He was the youngest of four famous siblings. His sisters were Queen Kaʻahumanu (Kamehameha's favorite wife,) Kalākua Kaheiheimālie and Namahana-o-Piʻia (also queens of Kamehameha) and brother George Cox Kahekili Keʻeaumoku. Kaluaikonahale was born on Maui, but as an infant he was taken to Keauhou to grow up. With the introduction of Christianity and adoption of western names, he changed his name and chose the name John Adams after John Quincy Adams (the US President at the time.) From then, he was called John Adams Kuakini.

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Friday, November 6, 2015

Central Fire Station

Central Fire Station No organized fire protection system existed in Honolulu until November 6, 1850, when the city's first volunteer fire brigade was formed. On December 27, 1850, King Kamehameha III established by ordinance in the Privy Council creating the Honolulu Volunteer Fire Department; the 1851 legislature enacted the ordinance into law. In 1897, Central Fire Station was relocated to its present site at Beretania and Fort Streets. The Central Fire Station soon became outmoded. The Romanesque Revival rock structure was replaced in 1934 by a Dickey designed Moderne/Art Deco two-story reinforced concrete building (Kohn M Young was the engineer.)

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Thursday, November 5, 2015

Malia Puka O Kalani

Malia Puka O Kalani Keaukaha is along the central coastline of the Waiākea ahupuaʻa on Hawai‘i Island. “Malia Puka O Kalani is a Roman Catholic parish on Hawaiian Home Lands in Keaukaha, Hawaiʻi dedicated to building a church community filled with the Holy Spirit, guided by God’s Word and enriched by the Hawaiian culture.” In 1934, the parish, under the care of the Sacred Hearts Fathers, built a large hall on the property. This was used as a place of worship as well as a community center. In 1940 the existing church which seats 120 people was constructed.

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Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Early Days at Kamehameha Schools

Early Days at Kamehameha Schools October 3, 1887 Kamehameha Schools for Boys opens for students and holds classes. By October 12, 37 boys over the age of twelve are enrolled; there were 4 teachers. On November 4 1887, opening day ceremonies take place with much pomp and circumstance. A year later the Preparatory Department, for boys 6 to 12 years of age, opened in adjacent facilities. In 1894 the Kamehameha School for Girls opened on its own campus nearby.

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Tuesday, November 3, 2015

Fred Harvey Company

Fred Harvey Company The Santa Fe railroad was interested in Frederick Harvey’s plan in providing good food service to rail customers; in 1876 Harvey acquired the lunchroom at the Topeka depot. Service and food were dramatically improved, and both Harvey and the Santa Fe desired to see his operations expanded. By the late-1880s, there was a Harvey establishment every one hundred miles along the Santa Fe line. At its peak, there were 84 Harvey Houses. Later, in 1968, Amfac (one of Hawai‘i’s ‘Big Five’ companies) bought the Fred Harvey Company.

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Monday, November 2, 2015


Palaʻau Palaʻau is Molokai’s only state park; DLNR has a license to use the land as a park from the Department of Hawaiian Home Lands. In addition to a small campground and passive recreation area, one of the primary purposes of the Palaʻau Park is the Kalaupapa overlook. (Nearby Parking and a short walk take people to the north shore cliffs and overlook of the peninsula.) In addition there are several cultural features within the site, primarily the Nanahoa complex. These four sites include two phallic stones. The six foot high male stone is called ‘Kauleonanahoa;’ the female stone has several names, including Kawahuna,’ ‘Nawaʻakaluli’ and ‘Waihuʻehuʻe’ (‘it appears to be in its natural state with a large groove down the center.’)

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Sunday, November 1, 2015

Victoria Kamāmalu

Victoria Kamāmalu Victoria Kamāmalu, the only daughter of Kīnaʻu, Kaʻahumanu II and her third husband Mataio Kekūanāoʻa, was born at the Honolulu Fort, on November 1, 1838. Through her mother, she was granddaughter of King Kamehameha I; she was named after her maternal aunt Queen Kamāmalu, wife of Kamehameha II. At the age of 17, Victoria Kamāmalu was appointed Kuhina Nui ("Prime Minister," "Premier" and "Regent") by her brother Kamehameha IV. She died on May 29, 1866. Without a written will, her vast landholdings eventually passed to her half-sister Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani who willed them to Bernice Pauahi Bishop and became part of the Kamehameha Schools.

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