Tuesday, September 1, 2015


Hilo The name ‘Hilo’ carries several meanings. Hilo is the name of a renowned Polynesian navigator who is believed to have discovered this coast. His chief, to honor the feat, named the area for him. Hilo means "twisted," like a thread or rope as in spun, drawn out and twisted into thread. Hilo is the name of the first day of the month according to Hawaiian calculation (the first night of the new moon - the first thin, twisted sliver of light.) (It was a favorable day, and the potato, melon and banana seeds planted by the farmer on this day would bear well. While we call the district and broad Bay Hilo, there are three parts of Hilo: Hilo Pali Kū, Hilo One and Hilo Hanakāhi.

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Monday, August 31, 2015


Anuenue It was created by the filling of the reef flats during incremental dredging of Honolulu harbor and Ke‘ehi lagoon. The village of Kou, inland of it, had a long history of settlement. It originally consisted of marginal sandy lands on an elevated coral reef platform named Kahololoa. For a time it was called Anuenue Island; that changed in 1969 when a proclamation by the Governor declared the Island shall be named Sand Island. One of the few lasting legacies of the Island’s former name is Anuenue Fisheries Research Center (AFRC,) a base yard, hatchery and culture center for DLNR’s Division of Aquatic Resources – it’s still operating on the Island.

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Sunday, August 30, 2015

Hawaiians Study Abroad

Hawaiians Study Abroad In 1880, the Legislative Assembly appropriated funds for the “Education of Hawaiian Youths in Foreign Countries, to be expended in the actual education of the youths, and not traveling and sight seeing”. This was a program designed and implemented by King Kalākaua. From 1880 to 1887, 18 young Hawaiians attended schools in six countries where they studied engineering, law, foreign language, medicine, military science, engraving, sculpture and music. The ‘studies abroad program’ was designed to ensure a pool of gifted and highly schooled Hawaiians who would enable the government to fill important positions in the foreign ministry and other governmental branches.

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Saturday, August 29, 2015

Greek Artillery

Greek Artillery Migration from Greece in the last third of the 19th Century was primarily due to crop failures and a surplus population that caused wide-spread poverty. A Western technological revolution of cheap and fast steamship and rail travel, along with rapid industrialization, made feasible large scale emigration to America and, on a smaller scale, to Hawaiʻi. The Greeks came into direct conflict with that small but powerful group of American businessmen who effectively weakened Kalākaua’s government by means of the ‘Bayonet Constitution’ of 1887. After the overthrow, there was a last major military operation by royalists who opposed the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi; several of the Greek businessmen were involved. The goal of the rebellion failed.

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Friday, August 28, 2015

‘Kakela me Kuke’

‘Kakela me Kuke’ In 1837 Samuel Northrup Castle and Amos Starr Cooke landed in the Sandwich Islands (Hawaiʻi,) as part of the 8th Company of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Castle was assigned to the ‘depository’ (a combination store, warehouse and bank) to help the missionaries pool and purchase their; Cooke was a teacher. Castle and Cooke, good friends, decided they would become business partners. On June 2, 1851, Castle and Cooke signed their names to partnership papers. A sign reading ‘Kakela me Kuke’ (‘Castle & Cooke’) was installed at the entrance to the Honolulu depository. For a time in the 1960s, Castle & Cooke were the biggest of the Big Five.

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Thursday, August 27, 2015

John Owen Dominis

John Owen Dominis John Owen Dominis was born March 10, 1832 at 26 Front Street in the home of Reverend Dr Andrew Yates in Schenectady, New York, son of Captain John Dominis and Mary Jones Dominis. They arrived in Honolulu Harbor in April 1837; Captain Dominis reportedly embarked on several trading voyages – he was not heard from on his trip in 1846. Mary Jones Dominis and teenage son John Owen Dominis remained at the house but rented out rooms to maintain it. Dominis married Liliʻuokalani; she later became queen. Dominis died August 27, 1891, seven months after Liliʻuokalani took the throne. “I have often said that it pleased the Almighty Ruler of nations to take him away from me at precisely the time when I felt that I most needed his counsel and companionship.” (Liliʻuokalani)

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Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Taking Hawaiʻi and Oʻahu

Taking Hawaiʻi and Oʻahu Kamehameha was especially fortunate in securing the services of John Young and Isaac Davis, who took an active part in the campaigns of the final conquest. Captain George Vancouver observed that both Young and Davis “are in his (Kamehameha's) most perfect confidence”. Because of their knowledge of European warfare, Young and Davis are said to have trained Kamehameha and his men in the use of muskets and cannons. In addition, both Young and Davis fought alongside Kamehameha in his many battles. “Thus did Tamahamaah, with the help of Young and Davis, and with hardly any firearms, easily conquer this important island (Oʻahu.)”

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