Saturday, November 28, 2015

The Pali

The Pali In the early nineteenth century there were three routes from Honolulu to Windward Oʻahu: around the island by canoe; through Kalihi Valley and over the pali by ropes and ladders; and over Nuʻuanu Pali, the easiest, quickest and most direct route. The first foreigner to descend the Pali and record his trip was Hiram Bingham in 1821. In 1845 the first road was built over the Nuʻuanu Pali to connect Windward Oʻahu with Honolulu. In 1897, Johnny Wilson and Louis Whitehouse constructed a ‘carriage road’ over the Pali. When the current Pali Highway and its tunnels opened (1959,) the original roadway up and over the Pali was closed and is now used by hikers.

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Friday, November 27, 2015

Hāmākua Ditch

Hāmākua Ditch As a result of the 1902 Arthur S Tuttle report commissioned by the Bishop Museum to study the feasibility of bringing water to the Hāmākua area, two major ditches were proposed - the Upper Ditch and the Lower Ditch. The owner, Hawaii Irrigation Company, was originally known as the Hāmākua Ditch Company, Ltd. The Upper Hāmākua Ditch was completed in January of 1907, the Lower Ditch in 1910. Due to various disputes , by February of 1915, Hawaiian Irrigation Co. was taken over by new management (essentially that of Honokaa Sugar Co.)

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Thursday, November 26, 2015

Happy Thanksgiving!

Happy Thanksgiving! No one knows when the first western Thanksgiving feast was held in Hawaiʻi, but from all apparent possibilities, the first recorded one took place in Honolulu and was held among the families of the American missionaries from New England. According to the reported entry in Lowell Smith’s journal on December 6, 1838: "This day has been observed by us missionaries and people of Honolulu as a day of Thanksgiving and praise to Almighty God. Something new for this nation.”

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Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Vladimir Ossipoff

Vladimir Ossipoff “An architect has to be a bit of a sociologist, lawyer and psychologist. He has to know human nature.” (Ossipoff) Vladimir Ossipoff was a prominent architect in the Islands, working between the 1930s and 1990s. He is best known for his contribution to the development of the Hawaiian Modern movement. This style is characterized by the work of architects who “subscribed to the general modernity of the International Style while attempting to integrate the cultural and topographical character of the (Hawaiian) region.” Ossipoff was born in Russia on November 25, 1907; he died October 1, 1998 in Honolulu.

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Tuesday, November 24, 2015


Kahoʻolawe Kaho‘olawe is the smallest of the eight Main Hawaiian Islands, 11-miles long and 7-miles wide (approximately 28,800-acres,) rising to a height of 1,477-feet. It is seven miles southwest of Maui. Human habitation began as early as 1000 AD; it is known as a navigational and religious center, as well as the site of an adze quarry. Subsistence farmers and fishers formerly populated Kaho‘olawe. Interestingly, the entire island of Kaho‘olawe is part of an ahupua‘a from the Maui district of Honua‘ula. The island is divided into ʻili (smaller land units within ahupua‘a.) Located in the “rain shadow” of Maui’s Haleakala, a “cloud bridge” connected the island to the slopes of Haleakalā. It served as a penal colony, ranch and military bombing site.

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Monday, November 23, 2015

‘Maitai - maitai no!’

‘Maitai - maitai no!’ US President John Quincy Adams and King Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli) exchanged messages in 1829. The president “has heard, with interest and admiration, of the rapid progress which has been made by your people, in acquiring a knowledge of letters and of the True Religion-the Religion of the Christian’s Bible.” Kauikeaouli (King Kamehameha III) noted, “Best affection to you, the chief magistrate of America. … I now believe that your thoughts and ours are alike … Look ye on us with charity; we have formerly been extremely dark-minded, and ignorant of the usages of enlightened countries. You are the source of intelligence and light. This is the origin of our minds being a little enlightened - the arrival here of the word of God.”

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Sunday, November 22, 2015

Puerto Ricans

Puerto Ricans The brief Spanish-American War ended with the Treaty of Paris (December 10, 1898) that resulted in Spain relinquishing its holdings in the Caribbean, including Puerto Rico. The island was governed by a US military; then it became an “organized but unincorporated” territory of the US. On August 7 and 8, 1899, the San Ciriaco hurricane swept through Puerto Rico: at the same time, the booming Hawaiʻi sugar industry was looking for more workers. Puerto Ricans looked for alternatives and were drawn to another US territory, Hawaiʻi, and its sugar plantations. Eventually 5,100 settled on plantations in the Islands.

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