Tuesday, February 9, 2016


Keʻelikōlani Keʻelikōlani (Princess Ruth) was born February 9, 1826; she was a high-ranking aliʻi wahine. She was later educated at the Chiefs' Children's School, where she learned, among other things, the English language and tenets of Christianity. She was held in high regard by the general populace, and treated lovingly or respectfully by the ranking chiefs, government officials, and the people of her time. She was a great-granddaughter of Kamehameha, a grand-niece to Kamehameha II and III, and a half-sister of Kamehameha IV and V. Keʻelikōlani died in 1883 at Haleʻōlelo, her large hale pili thatched home on the grounds of Huliheʻe Palace in Kailua-Kona. At her death, Keʻelikōlani gave her property to Pauahi who used it as the land base for the formation of Kamehameha Schools.

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Monday, February 8, 2016

“It was like laying a corner stone of an important edifice for the nation.”

“It was like laying a corner stone of an important edifice for the nation.” The planning for the formal written Hawaiian language in the early part of the nineteenth century was started by the Protestant missionaries who arrived in Hawaii, starting in 1820. A committee of some of these missionaries (Hiram Bingham, CS Stewart and Levi Chamberlain) worked on the development of the Hawaiian alphabet. Toketa (a Tahitian, arrived in Hawaiʻi in 1818,) who had learned to read Hawaiian after an hour's instruction, wrote a letter for Kuakini to Hiram Bingham, requesting copies of pages of the spelling book being assembled. “(Bingham) immediately answered in the Hawaiian, under date of Feb. 8th, 1822, one month from the first printing for the nation.” (This was the first correspondence back and forth in Hawaiian.)

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Sunday, February 7, 2016

Broken Mast

Broken Mast In the dawn hours of January 18, 1778, on his third expedition, British explorer Captain James Cook on the HMS Resolution and Captain Charles Clerke of the HMS Discovery first sighted what Cook named the Sandwich Islands. Leaving, and after cruising the West Coast, Alaska and Bering Strait, on October 24, 1778, he headed back to the islands. Then, shortly after leaving Hawaiʻi Island, the foremast of the Resolution broke. “On the 8th (of February 1779) at day-break, we found, that the foremast had again given way … and the parts so very defective, as to make it absolutely necessary to replace them, and, of course, to (remove) the mast.” He returned to Kealakekua. On February 14, 1779, Cook was killed.

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Saturday, February 6, 2016

Honolulu Oil

Honolulu Oil William Matson became well established in the Hawaiian trade. His small fleet of sailing vessels shuttled back and forth between Hilo and San Francisco. Matson recognized the potential of oil. He convinced Hawai‘i’s plantation and sugar mill owners to switch from coal and bagasse (sugar cane waste) to oil. Then, he converted some of his sailing flee into tankers to carry the oil to the Islands. In 1903, he formed the Monarch Oil Company and five years later bought the Buena Vista Hills property (Matson later renamed the area Honolulu Hills) and a year later (1910) created Honolulu Oil Company.

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Friday, February 5, 2016

Possibly the Last Human Sacrifice

Possibly the Last Human Sacrifice “Kaʻahumanu was a woman of the chiefly stature and of celebrated beauty … her husband (Kamehameha) cherished her exceedingly. He had the indelicacy to frame and publish an especial law declaring death against the man who should approach her, and yet no penalty against herself.” “And in 1809, after thirty-four years of marriage, and when she must have been nearing fifty …” “… Kanihonui, was found to be her lover, and paid the penalty of life”. Reportedly, Kaʻahumanu had seduced the boy while she was intoxicated; in addition, the boy was the son of Kamehameha’s half-sister – and, Kamehameha and Kaʻahumanu raised him. Kanihonui was put to death at Papaʻenaʻena Heiau on Leʻahi (Diamond Head) for committing adultery with Kaʻahumanu.

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Thursday, February 4, 2016

Piggly Wiggly

Piggly Wiggly On February 4, 1928, the Star Bulletin noted that three men arrived from the mainland to open Hawai‘i’s first chain grocery store; it was situated on Beretania Street at Keʻeaumoku, a “large crowd attends the Piggly Wiggly opening.” The entry of Piggly Wiggly initiated the first national chain grocery store into the Islands; with it came a new way of food shopping. Piggly Wiggly stores (established by Clarence Saunders in Memphis in 1916) are widely credited with introducing America to self-service shopping, revolutionizing the grocery industry. Instead of a clerk to assist individual customer needs behind a counter, there were open aisles, open shelves with individually-packaged products to select from, shopping baskets and check-out stands.

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Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Joseph Atherton Richards

Joseph Atherton Richards He was called AR or Atherton Richards; however his full name was Joseph Atherton Richards. Richards was born in the Islands on September 29, 1894 (he died in 1974.) His father, Theodore Richards, came to Hawaiʻi in 1888 to become teacher of the first class to graduate at the Kamehameha Schools and, in 1894, principal of the Kamehameha Schools for five years. Theodore Richards founded Kokokahi on the windward side of Oʻahu (now a YWCA facility,) a place for people of different races to live together as people of one blood. During WWII, Atherton Richards was one of the top officials serving in the "Economics Branch" discussing "the possibilities of economic warfare organization." A lasting legacy of Richards is Kahua Ranch in Kohala, Hawai‘i Island.

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