Monday, July 6, 2015


Malukukui Mr and Mrs Henry C Brown converted their Wahiawa home into the Malukukui, their home-hotel among the pineapples at Wahiawa (about 1909.) It was also known as the Kukui Tree. Ill health sent them to seek a quiet country life. They settled in Wahiawa, the largest pineapple country in the world, where they bought several acres of ground and built their home, evolving from it a small country inn in which they are now able to accommodate some fifty guests. Ultimately it didn’t pay for itself and closed.

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Sunday, July 5, 2015

Swim Wear

Swim Wear In the late-1800s and early-1900s, women’s bathing suits were typically accessorized with long black stockings, lace-up bathing slippers, and fancy caps. Beach shoes were made of soles of twisted straw or felt with embroidered serge or crash tops and laces. On July 5, 1946, French engineer Louis Réard designed a garment ‘smaller than the world's smallest bathing suit.’ Four days earlier, the U.S. military had conducted nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll.

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Saturday, July 4, 2015

Independence Day

Independence Day Today, Americans celebrate the anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. Drafted by Thomas Jefferson between June 11 and June 28, 1776, the Declaration of Independence is the nation's most cherished symbol of liberty and Jefferson's most enduring monument. At the time of the signing, the American Revolutionary War was already underway (1775-1783.) Following statehood of Hawaiʻi, the new flag of the United States of America, containing a union of 50 stars, flew for the first time at 12:01 am, July 4, 1960, when it was raised at the Fort McHenry National Monument in Baltimore, Maryland.

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Friday, July 3, 2015


Kaʻohe “The whole main body of Mauna Kea belongs to one land from Hamakua, viz., Kaʻohe, to whose owners belonged the sole privilege of capturing the ʻuaʻu, a mountain-inhabiting but sea-fishing bird.” (Kaʻohe translates to ‘bamboo;’ the name may relate to a bamboo water carrier.) Kaʻohe is an irregular ahupua‘a because it only occupies a narrow (and relatively resource-poor) band along the coast where most of the residents would have lived. But as Kaʻohe ascends the eastern slope of Mauna Kea and emerges above the forest near 6,000-feet in elevation, it expands to occupy the entire summit region.

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Thursday, July 2, 2015

Amelia Earhart

Amelia Earhart Amelia Mary Earhart was born on July 24, 1897 in Atchison, Kansas; the daughter of a railroad attorney. “Doesn’t drink, doesn’t smoke … but enjoys an occasional game of poker. … Dances anywhere a band plays. In 1929, she and a group of other women pilots (a total of 99) formed the Ninety-Nines; she served at its first president. She flew for ‘fun.’ She was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic (1932,) the first woman to fly solo, nonstop, across the US from Los Angeles to Newark (1932,) and the first person to fly solo between Los Angeles and Mexico City and between Mexico City and Newark (1935.) She was the first person, man or woman, to fly solo between Hawaiʻi and the American continent. She had a planned flight around-the-world and disappeared July 2, 1937.

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Wednesday, July 1, 2015

Unexpected Partners

Unexpected Partners Lorrin Andrews Thurston was born on July 31, 1858 in Honolulu. His father was Asa Goodale Thurston and Sarah Andrews (he was grandson of Asa and Lucy Thurston; on his mother’s side, he was grandson of another early missionary, Lorrin Andrews.) Thurston led the Annexation Club and participated in the revolution and overthrow of the constitutional monarchy (1893.) George Lycurgus left his native Sparta in Greece around 1876, when he was about 17 years old. Lycurgus opened the California Wine Company in Honolulu. Lycurgus was a royalist and was implicated with other counter-revolutionists in supplying arms (1895.) Thurston and Lycurgus were instrumental in getting the volcano recognized as Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park.

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Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Thomas Augustus Jaggar, Jr

Thomas Augustus Jaggar, Jr In 1906, already a much-published, respected, well-known geologist, writer and lecturer, he became head of MIT’s department of geology. Jaggar saw the need for full-time, on-site study of volcanoes. He left MIT, moved to Kilauea to start the observatory, and devoted the remainder of his life to a study of volcanoes. When he came to the Islands, he joined the efforts of George Lycurgus (operator of the Volcano House) and newspaperman Lorrin Andrews Thurston who were working to have the Mauna Loa and Kilauea Volcanoes area made into a National Park. Jaggar retired in 1940 and continued his research at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa until his death on January 17, 1953.

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