The native ceremony of the Poni, or an anointment, had in former times been practiced by the chiefs; but it was deemed desirable that the more modern Christian rite should be celebrated.
In 1891 her brother, King Kalākaua, died and Liliʻuokalani succeeded to the throne. The name Poni means Coronation. Liliʻuokalani named her pet Poni. Her poi dog was her companion and was trained only in Hawaiian. The dog was the queen's constant, companion to her death.