Victoria Kamāmalu, the only daughter of Kīnaʻu, Kaʻahumanu II and her third husband Mataio Kekūanāoʻa, was born at the Honolulu Fort, on November 1, 1838. Through her mother, she was granddaughter of King Kamehameha I; she was named after her maternal aunt Queen Kamāmalu, wife of Kamehameha II.
At the age of 17, Victoria Kamāmalu was appointed Kuhina Nui ("Prime Minister," "Premier" and "Regent") by her brother Kamehameha IV. She died on May 29, 1866. Without a written will, her vast landholdings eventually passed to her half-sister Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani who willed them to Bernice Pauahi Bishop and became part of the Kamehameha Schools.