The coal industry was a major foundation for American industrialization in the nineteenth century. As a fuel source, coal provided a cheap and efficient source of power for steam engines, furnaces and forges across the US. The three-masted bark Carrollton was en route from Australia to San Francisco, via Honolulu, with a load of coal.
In the midst of her career in the Pacific lumber, grain and coal business, the Carrollton under the command of Captain Hinrichs was accidentally lost on December 26th, 1906, when she ran bow-on onto the reef on the southern side of Sand Island at Midway. All of her crew were saved (rescued by the cable ship Restorer,) but the vessel was a total loss.