Molokai used to be referred to as ʻAina Momona (the bountiful land,) reflecting the great productivity of the island and its surrounding ocean. Hālawa Valley is the easternmost valley at the edge of Molokai’s north shore; four other major valleys span the coastline, from Hālawa westward toward Kalaupapa: from east to west they are Papalaua, Wailau, Pelekunu and Waikolu.
Hālawa is “a very fertile valley, with wild fruits, mountain shrimps, and much water in the streams.... There were nine hundred and thirteen taro patches and with the hundred and nine others that I hadn't counted, they totaled a thousand and thirty-two patches. Most of the land is covered in taro”.