“Great and Good Friend”
On November 6, 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the US. It was a time when the country was divided. By the time of Lincoln’s inauguration on March 4, 1861, 7 states had seceded, and the Confederate States of America had been formally established. The first shot of the American Civil War was fired at Fort Sumter off the coast of South Carolina on April 12, 1861.
On July 1, 1863, the first skirmish of the Battle of Gettysburg took place. A little over a week after the Gettysburg Address (November 30, 1863,) Kamehameha IV died and his brother, Lot Kapuāiwa, became King Kamehameha V. Shortly thereafter, King Kamehameha V received a letter from Lincoln, addressed to “Great and Good Friend,” expressing his “feelings of profound sorrow” of his brother’s death.