A century after Captain James Cook's arrival in Hawaiʻi, sugar plantations started to dominate the Hawaiian landscape. “I want (my children) to remember that the parents, grandparents were part of that company, the sugar company. The parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents, you know, down the line, the older generation.”
Plantation camps, developed to house workers and their families, were once scattered among the cane fields. The camps were self-sufficient: “We bought most of our food and clothing from the plantation … We were entertained (in a) recreational building provided by the plantation. … (W)e worshiped in church building provided by plantation management”. Make no mistake; life on the plantation was hard.