Thursday, January 21, 2016

Junior … Intermediate … Middle

Historically, grades K-8 were considered ‘elementary.’ In 1888 on the continent, Charles Eliot launched an effort to reorganize schooling, arguing that … students should be working on college preparatory courses ….. Rather than grades 7 and 8 as part of elementary, the push was to put them in the high school. Junior High Schools were formed.

These started in the Islands in the 1920s; however, in 1932, all formerly-named Junior High Schools were changed to Intermediate Schools (they were named after American Presidents or members of the Hawaiian Royal family.) Then, in the mid-1960s, and more formally around 1990, a new reform movement focused on the intellectual, emotional, and the interpersonal needs of young adolescents; Middle schools were formed.

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